CO2 Edenburgh arose out of the opportunity to collaborate with ecoartscotland, Art Space Nature, artists Tim Collins and Reiko Goto and programming professional Chris Malcolm on an exhibition in the ECA Tent Gallery during the Edinburgh Art Festival 2013. Broadly the project sought to uncover the invisible effects of Edinburghâ€™s festivals on the cityâ€™s CO2 levels, engaging audiences in local CO2 levels affected by various factors; topography of the city, traffic, audiences breathing out, green spaces etc. The project used cutting edge technology to capture CO2 levels provided by two Scotland-based companies, Gas Sensing Solutions and Envirologger.
What did we do?
For the duration of the exhibition Creative Carbon Scotland moved their office to the Tent Gallery to invigilate the exhibition and make the most of the public presence of CCS during the festival.
The project consisted of four main elements:
- The Tent Gallery exhibition with real-time data displays for stationary CO2 monitors placed in various outdoor locations including Princes St Gardens and Arthurâ€™s Seat and indoor venues such as Fruitmarket Gallery and National Gallery of Scotland
- Guided tours of the city with portable CO2 sensors and LED displays led by Carbon Catchers Catriona Patterson and Dave Young
- Four discussions curated by ecoartscotland asking the question â€“ Can art change the climate?
- An online blog and summary of discussions.
What did we achieve?
Having reflected upon the project, we feel that one of the key achievements has been to establish CCS as a more public-facing organisation as well as rooting the organisation more firmly in the space of arts and sustainability. We feel the discussions were a big success, serving as an important platform for bringing together individuals and organisations in our area of work and binding the different elements of the project through the exploration of some key themes.
Here are some key points from the discussions
Discussion 1:Â Bringing the emotion of the arts to bear on the rigour of the sciences
- Harry Giles made the point that much of what artists and scientists do is the same and they are comparable in their â€˜making sense of the insensibleâ€™. CO2 Edenburgh was considered in terms of finding a new aesthetic for new experiences such as invisible rising CO2 levels.
- It was discussed that there is currently a lack of feedback loop particularly in cities which serves to make us aware of the environmental consequences of our actions. Artists can therefore play a role in making these consequences more visible.
Discussion 2:Â Art, technology, activism and knowledge in the age of climate change
- Wallace Heim referenced Alan Badiou for whom there are four critical kinds of event which change people â€“ love, politics, art and science. Amongst these art can create the conditions which change our perception of reality and cause us to change our behaviour.
- Architect Simon Beeson raised the point that CO2 isnâ€™t in itself â€˜badâ€™. In fact itâ€™s only the release of currently fossilised carbon into the atmosphere as CO2 that is a problem. Carbon and CO2 is what we and allof the living world is made out of. CO2 Edenburgh allows us to perceive the complexity of the pattern of CO2 in central Edinburgh.
- We also discussed the need to be clear about the distinctive contribution artists can make to social and environmental issues without falling into categories such as communicators of science or public engagement.
Discussion 3:Â Environmental monitoring: Tracking nature in pursuit of aesthetic inter-relationship?
- Prof Andrew Patrizio took Renaissance Florence as an example of a time at which artists and audiences were attuned to a similar mercantile approach to understanding the form and content of a work of art. Parallels were drawn between Renaissance Italy and now â€“ both times at which paradigm shifts were taking place in terms of how humans understood themselves in relation to the environment.
- Jan Hogarth provided the example of Dumfries and Galloway as an exciting new region for the links between arts and policy making. Its rural setting allows for a particular proximity between artists, local authorities and organisations such as the Forestry Commission and therefore a stronger influencing role on the part of artists and arts organisations.
Discussion 4:Â Going beyond the material: Environment and Invisible Forces in the literary, performing and visual arts
- Lucy Miu opened a discussion about how information + insight or emotion can help engage people more than information alone and may be able to help transmit the essence of something to those who werenâ€™t able to experience it directly. She touched upon the fact that performing arts events are invariably group events, whilst visual art can be experienced more solitarily.
- We also discussed the idea that in the performing arts and literature the â€˜work of artâ€™ is less concrete, existing in the ether between performer and audience or in the mind of the reader and not wholly contained in the reproduction of the words â€“ as demonstrated by the breadth of ways in which literary works are transmitted, from the e-reader to the audio book.
- Sam Clark noted that scientists working on matter connect the visible and the invisible, just like artists connecting the knowable and the ineffable. But whilst scientists aim to make the strange familiar, perhaps artistsâ€™ desire is to do the opposite and make the familiar strangeâ€¦
Creative Carbon Scotland is a partnership of arts organisations working to put culture at the heart of a sustainable Scotland. We believe cultural and creative organisations have a significant influencing power to help shape a sustainable Scotland for the 21st century.
In 2011 we worked with partners Festivals Edinburgh, the Federation of Scottish Threatre and Scottish Contemporary Art Network to support over thirty arts organisations to operate more sustainably.
We are now building on these achievements and working with over 70 cultural organisations across Scotland in various key areas including carbon management, behavioural change and advocacy for sustainable practice in the arts.
Our work with cultural organisations is the first step towards a wider change. Cultural organisations can influence public behaviour and attitudes about climate change through:
Changing their own behaviour;
Communicating with their audiences;
Engaging the publicâ€™s emotions, values and ideas.
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