This month we travel virtually to Alberta, the home of Indo-Caribbean scientist and speculative fiction author Premee Mohamed, and also where her novella, The Annual Migration of Clouds (ECW Press, September 2021), takes place. I admit to being drawn to this book because I often search for fiction about fungi, and Premeeâ€™s novella has some of that, along with a glimpse into the future if we continue on the route weâ€™re on. I was so happy to be able to talk with her about her book. You can find more about Premee at her website and on Twitter. Waubgeshig Rice, another favorite Canadian author (Moon of the Crusted Snow), said of Clouds: â€œA riveting look at a dire future. The climate crisis is real, and The Annual Migration of Clouds is a must-read fiction.â€
ABOUT THE BOOK
From ECW Press:
The world is nothing like it once was: climate disasters have wracked the continent, causing food shortages, ending industry, and leaving little behind. Then came Cad, mysterious mind-altering fungi that invade the bodies of the now scattered citizenry. Reid, a young woman who carries this parasite, has been given a chance to get away â€“ to move to one of the last remnants of pre-disaster society â€“ but she canâ€™t bring herself to abandon her mother and the community that relies on her. When sheâ€™s offered a coveted place on a dangerous and profitable mission, she jumps at the opportunity to set her family up for life, but how can Reid ask people to put their trust in her when she canâ€™t even trust her own mind?
I found the novella unique and refreshing, written with wit and in the style of a lyrical polemic.
A CHAT WITH THE AUTHOR
I see that you are in Alberta, Canada so hello from Nova Scotia! How did you get started in writing, and did you have any favorite childhood memories of nature and/or fiction about environmental issues?
Iâ€™ve always written as a hobby. I think the earliest â€œbookâ€ I wrote was when I was eight or nine, using drafting supplies from my dadâ€™s job (super-smelly alcohol markers, letraset text, etc.). I didnâ€™t decide to get into publishing until a few years ago because I didnâ€™t see the point of monetizing my hobby, but a friend talked me into starting with short fiction, which pays right away, and from then I started to get the idea of trying to publish longer form work. As a child, my favorite nature memories were playing in the forests around my house near the Sturgeon river; Iâ€™m sad that that area is being filled up with McMansions now. I loved Watership Down and The Wind in the Willows because they were about a nature that didnâ€™t include humans, but I wasnâ€™t very interested in reading about environmental issues back then. I knew from the news, from school, and from our family subscription to National Geographic that everything was in decline and the decline was accelerating, and I felt so sad about it and, unable to deal with the sadness, my response was just to try not think about it, even though it was everywhere.
What motivated you to write The Annual Migration of Clouds?
I guess Iâ€™m just one of those writers who chases an idea to completion when it comes across my head! I liked the combination of the disease and the â€œquiet disasterâ€ setting. Books that are set just after disasters, or I guess post-apocalyptic fiction, are great, but that wasnâ€™t what I wanted to write. I wanted to write about how boring and tedious and essential it is to rebuild after disaster, when the worst is generally over, and how people might do it differently based on these new constraints.
Can you give new writers a tip about world-building?
World-building doesnâ€™t have to make perfect logical sense for our world, but it does have to make sense inside the internal logic of the story, or else readers will pick up on it right away!
Thanks for the tip! So whatâ€™s going on in the story?
In The Annual Migration of Clouds, a young woman named Reid lives and works at a university campus in Edmonton that is no longer a university, just a sturdy place to which people retreated after numerous climate disasters caused the collapse of technological society decades ago. Sheâ€™s also infected with a new incurable disease that makes her constantly on edge about whether sheâ€™s doing or thinking things or whether itâ€™s the disease doing it â€“ and so is her mother. When she gets a rare chance to study at one of the few remnants of pre-collapse society, at a university far in the mountains, she has to choose between leaving her mother and community or staying with them to help rebuild and work towards a better future.
One of the descriptions Iâ€™ve read called your novella â€œhopepunk,â€ which is a pretty new genre. It seems a lot of readers are calling for more positivity in apocalyptic climate stories. What are your thoughts on that?
I also saw that descriptor! (I would also like to add that I didnâ€™t put it in my description of the novella, because I wasnâ€™t entirely sure what it meant.) I do think I would like to see more hopeful post-apocalyptic (or, like this one, post-post-apocalyptic) stories. I have read a lot, like a lot a lot a lot, of hopeless dystopias and disasters scenarios, ones that assume that the worst of human nature will take over and that will be a permanent condition â€“ that weâ€™ll always be scratching out a subsistence living after a disaster, that everyone will become insular, territorial, and homicidal about resources and labour, that weâ€™ll all become monsters. (Iâ€™m thinking things like Threads here.) Even just in terms of variety, I would like to see a body of literature thatâ€™s slightly hopeful, because I do think that fiction has the power to help introduce new ideas into peopleâ€™s minds. If they donâ€™t stick, thatâ€™s okay; just introducing a wide variety of possibilities is enough, especially when I hear people saying now â€œWhatâ€™s the point, why bother? Thereâ€™s nothing we can do about various issues.â€
In times of COVID, everyone in the world is now dealing with disease on a scale that most of us have not seen before. Clouds has a disease, a fungus, also a symbiont, however. What led you to write Cad (the disease) into the story?
Actually, I started with the disease first! I had an idea for a hereditary symbiont disease (which Cad is), and I fell pretty far down the rabbit hole of thinking about transmission, how it would affect peopleâ€™s minds, their decisions to have children (or not), how people would be pinning their hopes on accurate tests so they could avoid it, how people didnâ€™t know how to not catch it, where it came from, etc. â€“ before thinking, â€œWell, with todayâ€™s technology, why wouldnâ€™t we just cure it? That would be priority #1 if a disease like this â€“ debilitating, painful, fatal, and equally able to affect all populations â€“ came up.â€ (I should also add that I wrote this in 2019.) So the next idea was actually, â€œWell, what if we couldnâ€™t.â€ That led to me setting the story in a future where we had lost the ability to do advanced research and medicine, rather than in the past. And thereâ€™s no future I could imagine without climate change, so the two got intertwined together: a plague making people less able to respond to climate change disasters, and the disasters making people less able to respond to the plague. In Reid and her community is where everything kind of shakes out, sixty or seventy years later.
I had that kind of thought too, when COVID-19 was announced as a pandemic, that we would all have been better at curing something right now. Is there anything else that you wanted to add?
Nothing else to add! Just that I hope people enjoy the book.
Mary Woodbury, a graduate of Purdue University, runsÂ Dragonfly.eco, a site that explores ecology in literature, including works about climate change. She writes fiction under pen name Clara Hume. Her novelÂ Back to the GardenÂ has been discussed inÂ Dissent Magazine, Ethnobiology for the Future: Linking Cultural and Ecological DiversityÂ (University of Arizona Press), andÂ Uncertainty and the Philosophy of Climate ChangeÂ (Routledge). Mary lives in Nova Scotia and enjoys hiking, writing, and reading.
Artists and Climate Change is a blog that tracks artistic responses from all disciplines to the problem of climate change. It is both a study about what is being done, and a resource for anyone interested in the subject. Art has the power to reframe the conversation about our environmental crisis so it is inclusive, constructive, and conducive to action. Art can, and should, shape our values and behavior so we are better equipped to face the formidable challenge in front of us.
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